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增材制造金刚石工具研究现状及展望

陶亚坤 甘杰 周燕 段隆臣

陶亚坤, 甘杰, 周燕, 段隆臣. 增材制造金刚石工具研究现状及展望[J]. 金刚石与磨料磨具工程, 2022, 42(5): 511-517. doi: 10.13394/j.cnki.jgszz.2022.3004
引用本文: 陶亚坤, 甘杰, 周燕, 段隆臣. 增材制造金刚石工具研究现状及展望[J]. 金刚石与磨料磨具工程, 2022, 42(5): 511-517. doi: 10.13394/j.cnki.jgszz.2022.3004
TAO Yakun, GAN Jie, ZHOU Yan, DUAN Longchen. Research status and prospect of additive manufacturing diamond tools[J]. Diamond & Abrasives Engineering, 2022, 42(5): 511-517. doi: 10.13394/j.cnki.jgszz.2022.3004
Citation: TAO Yakun, GAN Jie, ZHOU Yan, DUAN Longchen. Research status and prospect of additive manufacturing diamond tools[J]. Diamond & Abrasives Engineering, 2022, 42(5): 511-517. doi: 10.13394/j.cnki.jgszz.2022.3004

增材制造金刚石工具研究现状及展望

doi: 10.13394/j.cnki.jgszz.2022.3004
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(52274400);国家自然科学基金(41972327)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陶亚坤,男,1999年生,博士研究生。主要研究方向:金刚石工具的增材制造。E-mail:tyk@cug.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    周燕,女,1987年生,博士、副教授、硕士生导师。主要研究方向:增材制造(3D/4D打印)材料、工艺、性能及应用。E-mail:zhouyan@cug.edu.cn

    段隆臣,男,1967年生,博士、教授、博士生导师。主要研究方向:深部地质工程、钻头与岩土的相互作用。E-mail:duanlongchen@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TD41;TQ164

Research status and prospect of additive manufacturing diamond tools

  • 摘要: 随着金刚石工具朝着形状复杂化、结构精密化、性能高端化等方向发展,常规金刚石制造工艺受成形原理限制较难满足上述要求,亟须寻求新的金刚石工具制造工艺。增材制造是一项新兴的、降三维制造为二维制造的技术,近年来开始应用于复杂结构金刚石工具的制造。本文综述了激光选区熔化、激光选区烧结、立体光固化成形等目前主流增材制造工艺成形金刚石工具的研究进展,详细介绍了3种工艺的成形原理,重点阐述了不同工艺中金刚石与胎体材料的界面结合问题,简要对比了3种增材制造工艺成形金刚石工具的差异。最后,对未来增材制造金刚石工具的研究重点进行了展望。

     

  • 图  1  AM成形的金刚石工具

    (a)八面通孔砂轮Porous grinding wheel (b)Cu-Sn-Ti结合剂工作层Cu-Sn-Ti binder working layer (c)Ti6Al4V结合剂工作层Ti6Al4V binder working layer(d)栅格状砂轮Grid-shaped grinding wheel(e)Co-Cr-Mo结合剂砂轮 Co-Cr-Mo binder grinding wheel(f)尼龙填料结合剂砂轮Nylon filler binder grinding wheel

    Figure  1.  Diamond tools formed by AM

    图  2  SLM成形原理及过程示意图

    Figure  2.  SLM forming principle and process

    图  3  热沉取心钻头

    Figure  3.  Hot deposition core drill bit

    图  4  金刚石热损伤及石墨化

    Figure  4.  Thermal damage and graphitization of diamond

    图  5  Co-Cr-Mo金属基抗弯测试样裂纹发育情况

    Figure  5.  Cracks development of Co-Cr-Mo metal-based bending test samples

    图  6  SLS技术成形原理及过程示意图

    Figure  6.  SLS technology forming principle and process

    图  7  SLA技术成形原理及过程示意图

    Figure  7.  SLA technology forming principle and process

    表  1  不同AM工艺成形金刚石工具情况对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of different AM processes

    成形工艺常用胎体材料材料成形方式胎体与金刚石结合强度金刚石热损伤及石墨化生产成本常用后处理方法
    SLM金属熔化–凝固严重热处理
    SLS金属、陶瓷、高分子半固态液相烧结较强较轻清粉处理
    SLA光敏树脂液态–固态适中轻微后固化、缺陷处修补
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-03
  • 修回日期:  2022-08-13
  • 录用日期:  2022-08-20
  • 刊出日期:  2022-10-16

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